Biology (BY)

BY 402  Medical Microbiology  (4)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 323 or 283 and approval of instructor.

Study of pathogenic bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites of humans and some domestic animals; identification of pathogens, disease processes, and public health emphasized; lecture and laboratory.

BY 403  Immunology  (3)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 373; BY 323 recommended.

Study of immunity and how the immune system responds to specific infectious and non-infectious agents; comparative immunology of invertebrate and vertebrate animals, immunological disorders, and application of immunological techniques; lecture and laboratory.

BY 405  Animal Behavior  (3)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 332.

Genetic and anatomical bases of behavior; impact of behavior on the ecology of animals emphasized; lecture, discussion, demonstration and library studies.

BY 406  Ornithology  (4)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 332.

History, classification, anatomy, physiology, ecology, and distribution of birds; laboratory emphasis on field identification and ecology; lecture, laboratory, and field studies.

BY 407  Mammalogy  (4)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 332.

Aspects of the biology, ecology, taxonomy, and distribution of southeastern mammals; lecture, laboratory, and field studies.

BY 408  Public Policy and Ecosystems  (4)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 332.

Lecture, laboratory and field study. The course will address the history, evolution, and recent developments in natural resource policy and how it influences ecosystem structure and function. Topics will include fish and wildlife conservation, forest planning and management, agricultural policies, public lands (Bureau of Land Management lands, national forests, national wildlife refuges, national parks, and wilderness areas), endangered species, and policies that influence private lands. The relationship between policies and ecosystem structure and function will be addressed in class and in labs by debates and field exercises.

BY 412  Plant Reproduction and Development  (4)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 322, BY 373; CY 105, CY 106, CY 107, CY 108 recommended.

Study of structural and functional aspects of reproductive and developmental phenomena in vascular plants; lecture and laboratory.

BY 413  Animal Reproduction and Development  (4)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 322, BY 373; CY 105, CY 106, CY 107, CY 108 recommended.

Study of the structural and functional aspects of reproductive and developmental phenomena in animals with emphasis on the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved; lecture and laboratory.

BY 415  Biometrics  (3)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 322, 332, or 373 and MS 204.

An introduction into statistics for biology majors. This course will introduce students to appropriate statistics for analyzing biological data including how to select random samples, use basic statistical packages, post-hoc statistical testing and the use of linear regression and will use real-world examples of statistics in ecological, toxicological, and physiological research; lecture and laboratory.

BY 419  Medical Botany  (4)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 101, BY 102, BY 103, and BY 104.

An introduction to the role of plants in human health and medicine, with an emphasis on their biologically active compounds. Includes a survey of traditional medicines around the world (e.g., Ayurveda, Chinese Medicine) and contemporary clinical methods at the forefront of medical research. Lecture and laboratory.

BY 422  Biology of Cryptogams  (4)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 332, BY 373.

The study of blue-green algae, algae, slime molds, bryophytes, and lichens; lecture, laboratory, field, and library study. Extensive field and laboratory identifications.

BY 427  Independent Studies in Biology  (1)  

Laboratory or field research investigation dealing with an aspect of biological sciences; biology sponsor required for topic approval and supervision. Grade: Pass/Fail

BY 434  Animal Systems Physiology  (4)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 373; CY 105, CY 106, CY 107, CY 108; CY 231, CY 232 and one semester of physics recommended.

Systematic survey of organ system physiology in vertebrates; systems analysis, biophysics, and bioengineering emphasized; lecture and laboratory.

BY 435  Landscape Ecology  (4)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 322, MS 204.

Undergraduate Prerequisite: BY 322. Graduate Lecture, laboratory, and field study. Emphasis will be on the role of spatial heterogeneity in terrestrial systems; its detection and description, analysis of pattern formation, landscape dynamics and models, human interactions with heterogeneity, and the implications of heterogeneity of populations, communities, and ecosystems. Landscape ecology provides approaches to fundamental research questions in ecology, as well as new approaches to forest and resource management that consider ecosystem processes at larger spatial and temporal scales.

BY 438  Freshwater Biology  (4)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 332.

Analysis of the unique ecology and biology of the freshwater environment; extensive field work; research project; lecture, laboratory, and field studies.

BY 440  Evolutionary Biology  (4)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 322.

Study of the processes and mechanisms which lead to evolutionary change in the biota; lecture, laboratory and field studies.

BY 442  General Entomology  (4)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 332.

Lecture, laboratory, and field study of insects and other arthropods, with an emphasis on the taxonomy, morphology, physiology, and ecology of the insects.

BY 443  Medical Entomology  (3)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 332.

Arthropods of medical and veterinary importance, how they affect their hosts and transmit disease.

BY 445  Ecotoxicology  (4)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 332, BY 373.

Recommended: BY 322. This course is a survey of ecotoxicology. The study of the integration of the major processes involved with transport, exposure and response of biological systems to xenobiotics, how toxicants mediate interactions between organisms and their biotic and abiotic environments and, the impact and toxic effects of pollutants on diversity, growth and metabolism of living organisms, populations, communities, and the ecosystem; lecture, laboratory and field study.

BY 450  Molecular Biology  (4)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 322 or approval of instructor.

Study of the processes involved in the expression of biological information at the molecular level; lecture and laboratory.

BY 451  Plant Anatomy  (4)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 373.

Study of the comparative structural organization of the vegetative and reproductive parts of seed plants, from cells to tissues to systems; lecture and laboratory.

BY 452  Plant Taxonomy  (4)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 322 or BY 332.

Survey of plant nomenclature, identification systems, description, evolution, and classification; vascular plants emphasized; lecture, library, laboratory, and field studies.

BY 453  Dendrology  (4)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 332.

Lecture, laboratory, and field study. The identification, taxonomy, ecological characteristics, distribution, and economic importance of trees native to North America and ornamentals.

BY 454  Tropical Biology  (3)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 101, 102, 103, 104, and approval of instructor.

An extensive field trip to study the flora and fauna of tropical regions. A written and oral report are required.

BY 455  Plant Ecology  (4)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 322 or 332.

Major plant communities of the southeastern U.S. and their relationships with major abiotic features; autecological field studies of plant species and populations included; lecture, laboratory, library and field studies.

BY 458  Herpetology  (4)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 332.

Recommended: BY 320. Taxonomy, ecology, physiology, and external anatomy of amphibians and reptiles; conservation and field methodology emphasized; lecture, laboratory and field studies.

BY 460  Icthyology  (4)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 332.

An overview of the evolution, ecology, behavior, physiology, and conservations of fishes. Preparation and presentation of an original library or lab/field research project required. Lecture, laboratory, and field study.

BY 473  Advanced Cell Biology  (4)  

Prerequisite(s): 373.

Recommended: BY 322, CY 231, CY 232, CY 362, CY 363. A study of molecular aspects of cell structures and their functions using both descriptive and biochemical approaches. Lecture and laboratory.

BY 475  Economic Botany  (4)  

Prerequisites for Undergraduate: BY 101, 102, 103, and 104. Prerequisites for Graduate: BY322 or 332. Collection identification, culture and preservation of plants for illustration and utilization in the classroom and laboratory; two class periods and one laboratory period per week.

BY 476  Invertebrate Zoology  (4)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 332.

Systematics, ecology, physiology, and phylogenic relationships of invertebrate animals; lecture, laboratory, and field studies.

BY 477  Cell and Tissue Culture  (4)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 101, 102, 103, 104, 373, CY 105-108.

Recommended: BY 322, 412, 431 and CY 231. Cell and Tissue Culture is an advanced biology course dealing with in vitro manipulation of cells, organs, and tissues; both solid and suspension culture and their application to biotechnology. Lecture and laboratory.

BY 478  Endocrinology  (3)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 373 and CY 231.

General introduction to vertebrate endocrine systems and the variety of chemical messengers involved in the regulation of physiological processes. Topics will include discussions of the history and methodologies of endocrinology, hormone synthesis, physiological effects of hormones, and the mechanisms of actions for various hormones.

BY 479  Plant Physiology  (4)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 373; BY 451 recommended.

Mineral nutrition, water relations, photosynthesis, metabolism and transport in vascular plants; lecture and laboratory.

BY 480  Advanced Topics in Biology I  (1)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 322 or 332 or 373.

Lecture and discussion; topics to be posted in the Biology Department.

BY 481  Advanced Topics in Biology II  (1)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 322 or 332 or 373.

Lecture and discussion; topics to be posted in the Biology Department.

BY 501  Graduate Student Success  (1)  

All Master's students in their first semester as graduate students in the department must take BY 501: Graduate Student Success. Students will achieve course objectives related to their overall adjustment to being a successful graduate student in Biology at JSU. Grades: Pass/Fail.

BY 503  Special Problems in Biology  (2)  

Special topics approved by instructor after consideration of students background. Grades: Pass/Fail.

BY 504  Problems in Biology  (1)  

Special topics approved by instructor after consideration of students background. Grades: Pass/Fail.

BY 510  Introduction to Spatial Analysis  (3)  

An overview of geographic information systems and a foundation in map coordinate systems, map projections, and map scale. (BY 510 is cross-listed with GIS 510, and only one course may be counted for credit.)

BY 525  Physiological Adaptations  (3)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 434 or its equivalent.

An in depth survey of selected topics in comparative physiology. Interactions between organisms and their environments will be examined with an emphasis on molecular and cellular adaptations. Phenotypic differences in adaptations will serve as a central theme for this course. The course is designed to expose students to the various topics through lecture, primary literature, and lab presentations/activities.

BY 533  Advanced Plant Biology  (3)  

Study of plant biology consisting of lectures, discussions, investigative laboratory exercises on the topics of Plant Classification, Plant Anatomy and Reproduction, Plant Growth, and Development, the Physiology and Biochemistry of Plants, Plants Genetics and Molecular Biology, Plants Interactions with their Environments, and the Impacts of Plants to our Society.

BY 535  Functional Vertebrate Anatomy  (3)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 320 or equivalent or permission of the instructor.

Lecture and demonstration. This course will emphasize the adaptations of vertebrate animals as revealed by morphology and will study the anatomy of vertebrates, as it relates to topics such as locomotion, reproduction, digestion, and physiology. In addition, molecular and morphological phylogeny of vertebrate groups using datasets will be studied.

BY 538  Population and Community Ecology  (3)  

This course addresses theoretical and applied issues at both the population and community levels. Topics include population and community structure/stability, trophic relations, population interactions, population and community dynamics, landscape ecology, and others. Discussion of primary literature will be a large part of this course. Lecture and lab.

BY 540  Invertebrate Relationships  (3)  

Prerequisite(s): Permission of the instructor.

An analysis of recently published research in the anatomy, morphology, phylogeny, and physiology of invertabrate animals. The major invertebrate phyla (including parasitic forms) will be emphasized; lecture, discussion, presentation, and lab exercises.

BY 542  Biodiversity: Kingdoms of Living Things  (3)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 332 or its equivalent.

Lectures and demonstrations. Biodiversity emphasizing systematic, phylogeny, structure, function, life cycles, ecology, and economics.

BY 546  Molecular Genetics  (3)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 322 or its equivalent or permission of the instructor.

A survey of molecular genetics focusing on the analysis of genomes, genes, and chromosomes. Discussion of modern genetic analysis techniques will be integrated into these topics. Biotechnology topics will include nucleic acid isolation methods, PCR, gene expression analysis, gene cloning, expression systems, proteomics, DNA sequencing, and molecular phylogenetic analysis.

BY 562  Symbiotic Associations  (3)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 322, 332, 373 or equivalent and one 400 level organismal courses.

Analysis of the nature and mechanism of symbiotic associations, including commensalism, mutualism, parasitism, that involve interactions between organisms.

BY 570  Seminar in Developmental Biology  (2)  

Prerequisite(s): Approval of the instructor.

Presentation, discussion, and analysis of recently published research in developmental biology of cells, tissues, and organ systems in plants, animals, or microbes; independent library research required.

BY 571  Seminar in Organismal Biology  (2)  

Prerequisite(s): Approval of instructor.

Presentation, discussion, and analysis of recently published research focusing on specific groups of organisms; independent library research required.

BY 572  Seminar in Ecology  (2)  

Prerequisite(s): Approval of instructor.

Presentation, discussion, and analysis of recently published research in plant, animal, or microbial ecology; independent library research required.

BY 573  Seminar in Cell Biology  (2)  

Prerequisite(s): Approval of instructor.

Presentation, discussion, and analysis of recently published research in cellular biology; independent library research required.

BY 574  Seminar in Evolutionary Biology  (2)  

Prerequisite(s): Approval of instructor.

Presentation, discussion, and analysis of recently published research in evolutionary biology; independent library research required.

BY 575  Seminar in Genetics  (2)  

Prerequisite(s): Approval of instructor.

Presentation, discussion, and analysis of recently published research in plant, animal, or microbial genetics; independent library research required.

BY 576  Seminar in Physiology  (2)  

Prerequisite(s): Approval of instructor.

Presentation, discussion, and analysis of recently published research in plant, animal, or microbial physiology; independent library research required.

BY 577  Seminar in Systematics  (2)  

Prerequisite(s): Approval of instructor.

Presentation, discussion, and analysis of recently published research in systematic biology; independent library research required.

BY 594  Biology Research Methods  (1)  

Prerequisite(s): Approval of instructor.

Introduction to diverse research methods and literature in the biological sciences. Includes topics such as, but not limited to, techniques in environmental analysis, microscopy, protein and nucleic acid analysis, biometry and population dynamics, and physiology.

BY 595  Research Project  (3)  

Prerequisite(s): BY 594, completion of at least 20 hours of graduate study in biology, and approval of instructor.

(3) (3). Completion of an acceptable original research paper; non-thesis option only. May be duplicated for credit for a total of 6 semester hours. (Grade: Pass/Fail).

BY 596  Research I  (1)  

Prerequisite(s): Approval of Application for Thesis Option and approval of instructor.

(1) (1). Original field and/or laboratory research in the biological sciences; thesis option only. May be duplicated for credit for a total of 2 semester hours. (Grade: Pass/Fail).

BY 597  Research II  (2)  

Prerequisite(s): Approval of Application for Thesis Option and approval of instructor.

(2) (2). Original field and/or laboratory research in the biological sciences; thesis option only. May be duplicated for credit for a total of 4 semester hours. (Grade: Pass/Fail).

BY 598  Research  (3)  

Prerequisite(s): Approval of Application for Thesis Option, BY 594 and approval of instructor.

(3) (3). Master's thesis research. May be duplicated for credit for a total of 6 semester hours. (Grade: Pass/Fail).

BY 599  Thesis  (3)  

Prerequisite(s): Dean's Approval and Approval of Application for Thesis Option.

See "Thesis Option and Procedures." May be duplicated for credit for a total of 6 semester hours. Grade: Pass/Fail.